Package 'historydata'

Title: Datasets for Historians
Description: These sample data sets are intended for historians learning R. They include population, institutional, religious, military, and prosopographical data suitable for mapping, quantitative analysis, and network analysis.
Authors: Lincoln Mullen [aut, cre] , Mack Holt [ctb], Erik Steiner [ctb], Jason Heppler [ctb]
Maintainer: Lincoln Mullen <[email protected]>
License: MIT + file LICENSE
Version: 0.2.9001
Built: 2024-07-12 03:46:15 UTC
Source: https://github.com/ropensci/historydata

Help Index


Roman Catholic dioceses in the United States, Canada, and Mexico

Description

Dates when Roman Catholic dioceses and archdioceses in the United States were founded or made metropolitan sees, with geocoded locations. The sources cited indicate that none of these sees have been discontinued.

Usage

catholic_dioceses

Format

A data frame with 425 observations of 6 variables.

Variables

  • diocese: name, and thus location, of the diocese.

  • event, date: the date when the diocese was erected, that is first founded, or made a metropolitan see. Encoded as a date object.

  • rite: the rite overseen by the diocese. Regions with ordinary jurisdiction but not episcopal character are not included.

  • lat, long: latitude and longitude coordinates for the headquarters city of the diocese.

References

This data is compiled from several sources:

Joseph Bernard Code, Dictionary of the American Hierarchy (1789-1964) (New York: Joseph F. Wagner, 1964), 425-26.

For the United States since 1963, Canada, and Mexicode: http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/

Examples

head(catholic_dioceses)

Wholesale Market Prices in Dijon, France 1568–1630

Description

These are wholesale market prices in the city of Dijon in Burgundy in central France from 1568 to 1630. They include the major cereal grains, different qualities of wine, dried legumes, oils used for cooking, seeds, and candle wax made from beef tallow. All prices were generally recorded by the city council at the same time of year on the first market day after the feast of St. Martin (November 11). All prices are in sous tournois / 20 sous = 1 livre tournois.

Usage

dijon_prices

dijon_prices_wide

Format

dijon_prices is a data frame with 1,110 observations of 6 variables. dijon_prices_wide is a data frame with 19 observations of 65 variables. dijon_prices_wide contains the data as it was transcribed; that data has been converted to a tidy format in dijon_prices.

Variables

  • commodity: the commodity for sale

  • measure: the amount of the commodity for that price

  • price: the price in sous tournais.

  • citation, citation_date: citations and dates for documents in the Archives municipales de Dijon.

Author(s)

Mack Holt, George Mason University

References

All citations are to the Archives municipales de Dijon. See the columns citation and citation_date in dijon_prices for the documents from which each price was gathered.


Early colleges in the United States

Description

This dataset contains information about the founding of colleges established before 1848 in the United States of America.

Usage

early_colleges

Format

A data frame with 65 observations of 6 variables.

Variables

  • college: The name of the college or university.

  • original_name: The name under which the institution was founded, if different.

  • city, state: The location of the institution.

  • established: The year that the institution was founded.

  • sponsorship: The sponsoring religious denomination, or secular if not founded by a denomination.

Author(s)

George Oberle, George Mason University

Daniel Walker Howe

References

This data was transcribed by George Oberle from the table "Some American Institutions of Higher Education Founded Before 1848, in Daniel Walker Howe, What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), 460-461.

Examples

head(early_colleges)
if(require(ggplot2)) {
  ggplot(early_colleges, aes(x = established)) + geom_bar(binwidth = 5) +
  ggtitle("Founding Dates of Early American Colleges")
}

Datasets for historians

Description

This package provides sample datasets of interest to historians, analogous to the datasets package for R generally and the histdata package for datasets from the history of statistics.

References

Citations to the sources for datasets are provided in the documentation for each dataset.


Federal judges in the United States of America

Description

This dataset contains information about the appointments and careers of all federal judges in United States history since 1789. It includes judges who "judges presidentially appointed during good behavior who have served since 1789 on the U.S. District Courts, the U.S. Courts of Appeals, the Supreme Court of the United States, the former U.S. Circuit Courts, and the federal judiciary's courts of special jurisdiction." Some of the unnecessary information from the source has been excluded.

Format

Two data frames, judges_people and judges_appointments.

Data frames

The data frame judges_people contains information about the judges, such as names and vital information. The data frame judges_appointments contains information about their appointments, such as the name of the court, nominating president, and the dates of service.

References

This data is taken from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, 1789-present.

Examples

data(judges_people)
data(judges_appointments)

Methodist Minutes of the Annual Conferences, 1786–1834

Description

This dataset contains transcriptions of the membership figures from the annual meeting minutes of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States of America.

Usage

methodists

Format

A data frame with 20241 observations of 11 variables.

Author(s)

Lincoln Mullen, George Mason University

References

See the url field in each row for a link to the page in the Hathi Trust from which that row was transcribed.


Records of missions held by the Paulist Fathers, 1851–1893

Description

This dataset contains transcriptions of records of missions held in by the Paulist Fathers, a Roman Catholic missionary order, in the nineteenth-century United States. This dataset contains only the most interesting data recorded in the full Paulist mission chronicles. The founding members of the Paulist Fathers began as members of the Redemptorist order. Their chronicles include both the missions held as Redemptorists and as Paulists. This transcription only includes missions up to the year 1893; the Paulist Chronicles contain more records than are transcribed here, and the Paulists continued holding missions for many more years than are recorded in the Chronicles.

Usage

paulist_missions

Format

A data frame with 841 observations of 17 variables.

Variables

  • mission_number: The number assigned to the mission in the Paulist Mission Chronicles.

  • church: The name of the church or cathedral at which the mission was held.

  • city, state: The location of the mission.

  • start_date, end_date: The start and end dates of the mission as date objects.

  • year: The year of the mission.

  • decade: The decade of the mission (useful for faceting).

  • duration_days, duration_years: The duration of the mission in days (as an integer) and in weeks (as an ordered factor).

  • confessions: The number of confessions heard by the Paulists at the mission, which is a rough proxy for the number of people who attended the mission.

  • converts: The total number of converts made during the mission and people left under instruction for conversion after the mission was over.

  • order: Whether the mission was held under the Redemptorist or Paulist order.

  • lat, long: The latitude and longitude of the city where the mission was held.

  • volume, page: The location of the mission record in the Paulist mission chronicles.

Author(s)

Lincoln Mullen, George Mason University

References

The Paulist missions are recorded in Chronicle of the Missions Given by the Congregation of Missionary Priests of St. Paul the Apostle, six manuscript volumes, Office of Paulist History and Archives, North American Paulist Center, Washington, DC. Data transcribed by Lincoln Mullen.

Examples

head(paulist_missions)

Presbyterians Statistics Through One Hundred Years

Description

This dataset contains transcriptions of annual denominational records for Presbyterians in the United States. This data was compiled Herman Carl Weber for the Presbyterian Church U.S.A. in 1927. For an explanation of the variables, see the book from which the records were transcribed.

Usage

presbyterians

Format

A data frame with 133 observations of 37 variables.

Details

Weber includes two sections, one of raw data compiled from the Minutes of the General Assembly, which apparently includes the foreign membership of the Presbyterian churches. The second section contains the data that Weber used for his visualizations, which excludes the foreign membership and makes various calculations on the data.

Not all of the data in Weber is reproduced here. The data comes from part 1, with the tables on financial information excluded.

One field that varies in title from members received by exam to members received by confession varies in title, but has been presumed to refer to the same process.

Author(s)

Lincoln Mullen, George Mason University

References

Weber, Herman C. Presbyterian Statistics Through One Hundred Year, 1826–1926: Tabulated, Visualized, and Interpreted. Philadelphia: The General Council, Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., 1927. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007109885.


Naval encounters during the Quasi War between France and the United States of America

Description

Naval encounters during the Quasi War between France and the United States of America

Usage

quasi_war

Format

A data frame with 198 observations of 16 variables.

References

This data was gathered by Abby Mullen.

Examples

head(quasi_war)

Population estimates of American Jews

Description

This dataset contains estimates of the population of American Jews.

Usage

sarna

Format

A data frame with 92 observations of 3 variables.

Variables

  • year: date of estimate.

  • estimate: the type of estimate. population_low and population_high are the lower and upper bounds on the population of American Jews; percentage_high and percentage_low are the lower and upper bounds on the percentage of Jews among the United States population.

  • value: the value of the estimate.

References

This data is taken from the appendix in Jonathan D. Sarna, American Judaism: A History (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), 375-376.

Examples

head(sarna)

Tudor dynasty

Description

Spousal and parent/child relationships among selected members of the Tudor dynasty, suitable for network analysis.

Usage

tudors

Format

A data frame with 35 observations of 3 variables.

Variables

  • person_1, person_2: The two people in the relationship.

  • relationship: The type of relationship.

Examples

data(tudors)

United States Historical City Populations, 1790-2010

Description

A dataset of cities mentioned in the U.S. Census and other data sources. In general, cities are included once they reach a population of 2,500. Data is recorded every ten years. See the dataset's GitHub page for details on how the data was gathered.

Usage

us_cities_pop

Format

An object of class tbl_df (inherits from tbl, data.frame) with 62224 rows and 17 columns.

References

Erik Steiner and Jason Heppler, "United States Historical City Populations, 1790-2010," Spatial History Project, Center for Spatial and Textual Analysis, Stanford University, https://github.com/cestastanford/historical-us-city-populations/


Population of the United States, 1790-2010

Description

Population figures for the entire United States of America from the decennial census.

Usage

us_national_population

Format

A data frame with 23 observations of 2 variables.

Variables

  • year: date of the census.

  • population: population of the state or territory.

References

This dataset has been gathered by the NHGIS. Minnesota Population Center, National Historical Geographic Information System: Version 2.0 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2011).

Examples

head(us_national_population)
if(require(ggplot2)) {
  ggplot(us_national_population,
         aes(x = year, y = population)) +
  geom_line() +
  ggtitle("Population of the United States, 1790-2010")
}

Populations of US states and territories, 1790-2010

Description

Population figures for US states and territories from the decennial census.

Usage

us_state_populations

Format

A data frame with 983 observations of 4 variables.

Variables

  • year: date of the census.

  • state: name of the state or territory.

  • population: population of the state or territory.

  • GISJOIN: a unique identifier for joining NHGIS data to spatial data.

References

This dataset has been gathered by the NHGIS. Minnesota Population Center, National Historical Geographic Information System: Version 2.0 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2011).

Examples

head(us_state_populations)